Category Archives: Agri-biz

How and where to sell Kienyeji chicken

You have produced healthy and heavy kienyeji chickens. Unless you were rearing the chickens for your own consumption, you will want to sell them.  How do you sell them?

Kienyeji chickens are easy to sell. For starters there is always a ready market for them and prices do not fluctuate like that of broilers. Also many Kenyans prefer Kienyeji chickens to broilers not just because they are delicious but many Kenyans are increasingly growing cautious of the meat they consume. Kienyeji chicken are considered a healthier choice because they consume less antibiotics and commercial feeds. There have been, also, few case of artificial muscle building such drugs and for them.

Here are some of the best places and methods to sell your chickens

Market Day

Many towns have a local market day. Other than a small fee to the local authority, these days are free for all.  Simply choose the heaviest of your flock take them to the markets. You may want to note the market days from a few towns near you. If you are price is good you are likely to sell them in bulk to resellers. Selling to the end consumers fetches more, but takes longer to sell.

Middlemen and Tenderpreneurs

Put the word out to scouts, middlemen and those who have tenders to supply big establishments. These people purchase chicken from farms and deliver to towns for sale. Keep a database of their phone numbers and their terms and purchase prices. These already have an established market and can become your good and reliable customers.  Besides, letting them know that you are a chicken farmer puts you in their list suppliers and they are likely to contact you when they need to procure chicken.

Word of caution though their prices are lower and they attempt to sweet talk the farmer to give them credit. Avoid such.

Catering companies.

Caterers want to know the source of the chicken. Many prefer getting chicken from the farm directly rather than butcheries. Obviously they make more this way but this is not all. They are sure the chicken is:

  1.  fresh and therefor good for their clients
  2. Is kienyeji and ex-layer.
  3. was healthy when slaughtered.

Search for people who provide catering services and make them your customers. They may give you other leads too as they too have their own networks.

Butcheries, Hotels and restaurants

Create a price list of your kienyeji chicken with weights and prices. They may not order immediately but next time their current supplier is unable to meet their needs, they are likely to give you a call.

Social Media

Leverage your social media network to boost you kienyeji chicken sales.  Join groups discuss kienyeji chicken in particular or those of  poultry in general. If they cater specifically to your locality the better. If the allow advertising and selling then use them to the maxi. otherwise follow the rules of the group as you make your presence felt.

Website.

If you are technologically savvy, create a simple marketing website for your poultry products. We say simple because online presence can be an extra expense that eats into your profits without adding to more business. But if you are confident, build an ecommerce aware website where your customers can interact with you including placing online orders. A give away page such as blog on the page can also boost your sales.

How to Increase the Marketability of Your Kienyeji Chicken.

Even if your kienyeji chicken were not fully free range, allowing them to roam around for a few weeks to the market can improve their marketability. Many customers look at the legs to determine if the chickens have been free-ranging and foraging outside. Buyers prefer chickens that forage outside as opposed to those that feed on the formulated feed indoors throughout their lives.

As they forage for plants, insects, maggots and grubs they develop telltale signs of free-range chicken.  The mixed diet, soil bathing and the long hours in the sun will give them the distinct kienyeji look that  appeals to many buyers.

chicken can eat lava

Infectious Synovitis

infectious synovitis lesion of the toe join

Infectious Synovitis, also called Mycoplasma Synoviae Infection, MS Infection, Enlarged Hock Disease, Synovitis is an acute to chronic, systemic disease of chickens caused by infection with Mycoplasma synoviae (MS).

It affects the synovial membrane of joints and tendons leaving the chicken unable to walk properly. Chickens with infectious synovitis develop swollen, red, and warm hock joints. They are in so much pain it is difficult for them to walk. The synovial membranes of tendon sheaths become thickened, edematous, with fibrinous exudates accumulating within and around the tendon sheaths.

infectious synovitis of the hock joint



coccidiosis

Coccidiosis is one of the most common poultry diseases.

Causes

Coccidiosis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Eimeria. In poultry, Eimeria affects the intestine making it prone to other diseases (necrotic enteritis) and reducing the ability of this organ to absorb nutrients. 

Between poultry houses, the disease is transmitted by mechanical carriers such as insects and wild birds. In general, good natural immunity is generated after Eimeria infections in poultry and for this reason, coccidiosis is usually a disease that affects young animals. However, the achieved immunity is specific for each of the species of Eimeria and it is not cross-protective between species

The replicative phases of the parasite lead to damage in the intestinal tissues. Individual birds may show no clinical signs or may suffer a mild loss of appetite, weight loss or decreased weight gain, diarrhoea (which can be bloody), dehydration and death. Resistance develops rapidly and infections can be self-limiting, but naïve birds which consume large numbers of oocysts can be severely affected and die. Immunity is strictly species-specific which means that birds exposed to one Eimeria remain susceptible to infection from all other species.

Treatment

  1. Give the affected chicken Amprolium in drinking water.
  2. Give electrolytes to compensate for the mineral loss due to diarrhoea
  3. Give vitamin E to compensate for the loss due to Amprolium treatment. Otherwise chicks my get crippled due to vitamin E deficiency



Fowl Cholera

Fowl Cholera is a highly contagious disease caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida. It affects chickens, turkeys, and water fow.
It infects through mouth and nose and is spread through nasal exudate, faeces, contaminated soil, equipment, and people. The incubation period is usually 5-8 days.

The bacterium is easily destroyed by environmental factors and disinfectants. However, it can stay persist for a long time in the soil.

Signs

  • Dejection.
  • Ruffled feathers.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Diarrhoea.
  • Coughing.
  • Nasal, ocular and oral discharge.
  • Swollen and cyanotic wattles and face.
  • Sudden death.
  • Swollen joints.
  • Lameness.

Post-mortem lesions

  • Sometimes none, or limited to haemorrhages at few sites.
  • Enteritis.
  • Yolk peritonitis.
  • Focal hepatitis.
  • Purulent pneumonia (especially turkeys).
  • Cellulitis of face and wattles.
  • Purulent arthritis.
  • Lungs with a consolidated pink ‘cooked’ appearance in turkeys.

Treatment

Sulphonamides, tetracyclines, erythromycin, streptomycin, penicillin. The disease often recurs after medication is stopped, necessitating long-term or periodic medication.

Prevention

Biosecurity, good rodent control, hygiene, bacterins at 8 and 12 weeks, live oral vaccine at 6 weeks.



Capillaria (Capillary or Thread Worms)

There are several species of Capillaria that occur in poultry. Capillaria annulata and Capillaria contorta occur in the crop and esophagus. These may cause thickening and inflammation of the mucosa, and occasionally severe losses are sustained in turkeys and game birds.

In the lower intestinal tract there may be several different species but usually Capillaria obsignata is the most prevalent. The life cycle of this parasite is direct. The adult worms may be embedded in the lining of the intestine. The eggs are laid and passed in the droppings. Following embryonation that takes six to eight days, the eggs are infective to any other poultry that may eat them. The most severe damage occurs within two weeks of infection. The parasites frequently produce severe inflammation and sometimes cause hemorrhage. Erosion of the intestinal lining may be extensive and result in death. These parasites may become a severe problem in deep litter houses. Reduced growth, egg production and fertility may result from heavy infections.



If present in large numbers, these parasites are usually easy to find at necropsy. Eggs may be difficult to find in droppings, due to the small size and time of infection.

Since treatment for capillaria is often lacking, control is best achieved by preventive measures. Some drugs, fed at low levels, may be of value in reducing the level of infection on problem farms. Game birds should be raised on wire to remove the threat of infection. As some species of capillaria have an indirect life cycle, control measures may have to be directed toward the intermediate host. Hygromycin and meldane may be used for control. Additional vitamin A may be of value. Effective treatments that are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration are fenbendazole and leviamisole.