The North Eastern Province of Kenya (Kiswahili: Mkoa wa Mashariki Kusini) was one of 8 Provinces of Kenya before the 2010 constitution did away with provinces and organised the country into 47 counties. Its neighbours were Ethiopia to the north, Coast to the south Somalia the east and Somalia south. The provincial headquarters was Garissa Town.
There were 3 legally created districts in this province. These were Garissa, Wajir, and Mandera.
After the 2010 constitution, the county boundaries and names followed those of the districts. The province was headed by a provincial commissioner. It is now moribund, but under the office of the president, the region previously known as North Eastern province is now known as North Eastern region and is under a Regional Commissioner appointed by the President.