Many Africa countries that had been colonised by European countries got independence in the fifties and sixties.
Who were the founding presidents by country?
By 1963 the emerging Africa leaders were inspired enough by the new gained freedom to start talking Pan-Africanism. The states of Africa sought through a political collective a means of preserving and consolidating their independence and pursuing the ideals of African unity. Unfortunately, two rival camps emerged with opposing views about how these goals could best be achieved. The Casablanca Group, led by President Kwame Nkrumah (1909–1972) of Ghana, backed radical calls for political integration and the creation of a supranational body. The moderate Monrovia Group, led by Emperor Haile Selassie (1892–1975) of Ethiopia, advocated a loose association of sovereign states that allowed for political cooperation at the intergovernmental level. The latter view prevailed. The OAU was therefore based on the “sovereign equality of all Member States,” as stated in its charter.