ACS American Cancer Society

AFP Alpha-fetoprotein

AKUH Aga Khan University Hospital

ASCO American Society of Clinical Oncology

ASCUS Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance

ASR Age Standardized Rates

AUA American Urological Association

BRCA Breast Cancer Susceptibility gene

BSE Breast Self-Examination

CA Cancer Antigen

CBE Clinical Breast Examination

CEA Carcinoembryonic Antigen

CHAI Clinton Health Access Initiative

CHEW Community Health Extension worker

CHV Community Health Volunteer

CIN Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia

CIS Carcinoma In Situ

CML Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia

CRC Colorectal Cancer

CT Computerized Tomography

DCBE Double-Contrast Barium Enema

DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid

DNCD Division of Non Communicable Diseases

DRE Digital Rectal Examination

EAU European Association of Urology

EUA Examination Under Anaesthesia

EBV Epstein Barr Virus

EFGR Epidermal Growth Factor Receptors

ER Estrogen Receptor

ESMO European Society for Medical Oncology

ESTRO European Society for Therapeutic Radiation and Oncology

FAP Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

FELTP Field Epidemiology & Laboratory Training Program

FIT Fecal Immunochemical Test

FNA Fine Needle Aspirate

FOBT Fecal Occult Blood Test

GSK Gastroenterology Society of Kenya

HBV Hepatitis B Virus

HCG Human Chorionic Gonadotropin


HCP Healthcare Provider

HIV Human Immunodefciency Virus

HNPCC Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer

HPV Human Papillomavirus

HR-HPV High-Risk Human papillomavirus

HRT Hormone Replacement Therapy

HSIL High Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions

IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer

IHC Immunohistochemistry

IMCI Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses

JOOTRH Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Teaching & Referral Hospital

KAUS Kenya Association of Urological Surgeons

KDA Kenya Dental Association

KEMRI Kenya Medical Research Institute

KENCO Kenyan Network of Cancer Organizations

KEPH Kenya Essential Package for Health

KESHO Kenya Society of Hematology & Oncology

KNBS Kenya National Bureau of Statistics

KOGS Kenya Obstetrical and Gynaecological Society

LBC Liquid-based Cytology

LCIS Lobular Carcinoma In Situ

LEEP Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure

LFT Liver Function Tests

LLETZ Large Loop Excision of the Transformation Zone

LMICs Low-and middle-income countries

LSIL Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions

M & E Monitoring & Evaluation

MOH Ministry of Health

MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MTRH Moi Teaching & Referral Hospital

NCCN National Comprehensive Cancer Network

NCCP National Cancer Control Program

NCCS National Cancer Control Strategy

NCDs Non-Communicable Diseases

NCI-K National Cancer Institute – Kenya

NCR Nairobi Cancer Registry

OSCC Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

PBF Peripheral Blood Film

PC Palliative Care

PCA Prostate Cancer Antigen

PET Positron Emission Tomography

PHSK Public Health Society of Kenya


PR Progesterone Receptor PSA Prostate Specific Antigen RB Retinoblastoma

RNA Ribonucleic Acid

RT Radiation Treatment

SCJ Squamo-Columnar Junction

SIOG International Society of Geriatric Oncology

STI Sexually Transmitted Infection

TBC Total Blood Count

TNM Tumour Node Metastasis

TRUS Transrectal ultrasonography

UEC Urea, Electrolytes & Creatinine

UHC Universal Health Coverage

UoN University of Nairobi

USPSTF United States Preventive Services Task Force

VIA Visual Inspection with Acetic acid

VILI Visual Inspection with Lugol’s iodine

WHO World Health Organization



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